The Principality of Monaco is a sovereign state located in
South Western Europe on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea.
It is surrounded on three sides by its neighbour, France.


With its area of 2.05 km2, Monaco is the second smallest
country in the world, larger only than Vatican City.
Its estimated population of 36,000 inhabitants also makes
it the most densely populated nation in the world.


Monaco is a constitutional monarchy and principality,
with Prince Albert II as the head of state and head of
the House of Grimaldi which has ruled Monaco since 1297.


The Principality is not a member of the European Union,
however, it is very closely linked via a customs union with
France and uses the same currency, the euro.


The official language is French.


The National Day is celebrated on November 19.


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